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Runoff Elections

Vote required for election in metropolitan elections; runoff elections

This text is from the Metropolitan Charter, Section 15.02:

In the general metropolitan election those qualified persons who receive a majority of the votes cast for mayor, vice-mayor and district councilman for each of the thirty-five (35) districts shall be elected to their respective offices; and those five (5) qualified persons who receive the highest number of votes, being also a majority of the total vote cast for the office of councilmen-at-large, shall be elected to such office.

In the general election if no candidate shall receive a majority of all the votes cast for the office of mayor, vice-mayor or district councilman, a runoff election shall be held with respect to such unfilled office or offices. In the runoff election only the names of the two (2) candidates who received the highest number of votes cast for such office which failed to be filled at the general election shall be placed on the official ballot or voting machine.

In the general election if less than five (5) candidates receive a majority of the total vote cast for the office of councilmen-at-large, the number receiving a majority shall be elected and a runoff election shall be held with respect to the unfilled offices. For the purpose of this section, "the total vote cast for the office of councilmen-at-large" shall be deemed to be one-fifth of the aggregate number of votes received by all candidates for the office of councilmen-at-large. In the runoff election, there shall be included on the ballot or voting machine a number of candidates which is twice the number of vacancies remaining to be filled. The candidates to be so included shall be those who in the general election received the highest vote less than a majority and the other candidates shall be eliminated. In the event of a tie vote among candidates, one (1) of whom should be in the runoff except for such tie, then all such candidates so having tie votes shall be in the runoff. In a runoff election for councilmen-at-large it shall not be necessary to receive a majority and those candidates who have the highest vote and who equal in number those remaining to be elected shall be elected.

Runoff example for Council-At-Large

Vote Required for Election

The metropolitan charter states … “candidates receive a majority of the total vote cast for the office of councilmen-at-large, the number receiving a majority shall be elected…”

Furthermore, “For the purpose of this section, the total vote cast for the office of councilmen-at-large shall be deemed to be one-fifth of the aggregate number of votes received by all candidates for the office of councilmen-at-large.”

In simple terms,

  1. Add together the votes received by all at-large candidates
  2. Multiply this total of all votes by 10%
  3. Candidates whose vote total exceed Item B above are elected
  4. The number of candidates in the Run-Off Election shall be twice the number of unfilled positions.

Example

Twenty-one (21) candidates receive a combined total of 5,000 votes for all candidates combined.

To avoid a Run-Off, candidates must receive 501 votes.