Civil War Markers - December 16, 1864
Confederate Position—December 16, 1864
Stewart's Corps, badly mauled during the first day, withdrew at night to a line extending eastward. Lee's Corps, form- ing the right wing, extended the line across the Franklin Pike. Cheatham's Corps, on Stewart's left, extended the line westward, and following the hills, curved south. Chalmers' Cavalry Division covered the left flank.
Location: 4700 block of Granny White Pike
Battle of Nashville—Stewart's Line
Loring's division of Stewart's Corps, Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee, fought behind this stone wall Dec. 16, 1864. All Federal attacks were beaten back until the Confederate line was broken a mile to the west. The division retreated south through the hills toward Brentwood.
Location: 4616 Lealand Lane
Smith’s Assault—December 16, 1864
The Federal XVI Corps attacked southward along this road. After violent artiller bombardment, McArthur's Division took the hill to the west about 4:00 p.m., precipitating the route of Hood's Army. This hill is named for Col. W M. Shy, 20th Tenn. Inf., killed in the desperate defense which he commanded.
Location: 4600 block of Granny White Pike
Battle of Nashville—Federal Main Line
On Dec. 16, 1864, the Federal 16th Corps under General A. J. Smith joined the 23rd Corps under Gen. John M. Schofield at this point. From this line at about 4:00 p.m. the 1st Brigade of Gen. John McArthur's 1st Div. launched the assault that broke the Confederate line at the salient on Shy's Hill to the south which resulted in the route of Hood's Army.
Location: 4515 Shy's Hill Road
Battle of Nashville—Shy's Hill
On this hill was fought the decisive encounter of the Battle of Nashville December 16, 1864. At 4:15 p.m. a Federal assault at the angle on top of the hill broke the Confederate line. Col. W M. Shy, 20th Term. Inf., was killed and Gen. T B. Smith was captured. The Confederates retreated over the Overton Hills to the Franklin Pike.
Location: 4619 Benton Smith Road
Schofield’s Assault—December 16, 1864
The Federal XXIII Corps attacked southeastward from positions about ¾ mile west. Coordinating with the attack
of Smith's XVI Corps, and assisted by pressure by Wilson's encircling cavalry from the south, its action brought about the final collapse of Hood's defenses.
Location: Granny White and Harding Place
Confederate Defenses—December 16, 1864
Lee’s Corps held the right flank of the line in the final stages of the battle, linking with Stewart to the west. Here it extended east, then south around Peach Orchard Hill. Violent attacks by Steedman’s brigades were repulsed bloodily; Lee did not withdraw until the left and center of the Confederate line had collapsed.
Location: 4400 block of Franklin Road
Battle of Nashville—Peach Orchard Hill
On Dec. 16, 1864, Gen. S. D. Lee's Corps, Army of Tennessee, held this right flank of Hood's defense line which ran south along the crest of this ridge. Violent artillery fire and infantry attacks by the corps of Wood and Steedman failed to dislodge the defenders who withdrew only after the collapse of the Confederate left and center in late afternoon.
Location: Franklin Road and north side of ridge on Harding Place
Hood’s Retreat—December 16, 1864
In this neighborhood, late in the evening of his decisive defeat at Nashville, Hood reorganized his army for withdrawal southward. Lt. General Stephen D. Lee's Corps, supported by Chalmer's Cavalry Division, covered the withdrawal, fighting continuously until the army bivouacked near Spring Hill, 21 miles S., the night of Dec. 17th.
Location: Franklin Road and Lakemont Drive